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How does Iran live under sanctions

Vienna, a very important meeting of foreign ministers of member countries of the nuclear deal with Iran was held. Russia was represented at the talks by Sergey Lavrov, Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi, Germany – Maas, France – Le Drian and Iran – Zarif. Britain was represented by the Minister for Middle East and Africa Bert. From the European Union – Federica Magerini.

The fate of the nuclear deal with Iran, enshrined three years ago in the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (VLDP), has been jeopardized by the unilateral withdrawal of the United States from it. Moreover, all those who cooperate with Iran and conduct business there, were threatened by American sanctions. Many companies, including such giants as Peugeot, Renault, Total, Iran are already leaving – they decided that the American market is more important for them. However, the remaining “five” countries and Iran are still ready to oppose their unity to America, although it is increasingly difficult to keep it.

“We agreed, although it was not easy to do this, given the not always coinciding interests of the European troika, China, Russia and Iran itself, that the mechanism of the Joint Commission at the level of experts will constantly consider options that will allow regardless of the US decision to continue to adhere to all the commitments undertaken within the framework of the SVDP and provide such methods of conducting trade and economic relations with Iran, which will not depend on the whims of Washington, “- said the head of the Russian Foreign Ministry Sergei Lavrov.

On a large account, Iran has every reason to withdraw from the deal, especially if the Americans seriously take it into their heads to restrict the sale of Iranian oil. As for sanctions, Iran is not accustomed to them. It lived with sanctions since as early as the 1950s. And did a good job. How?

Tehran is very different. Behind the huge portraits of the supreme ayatollahs and posters to the World Cup, the modern road junctions, highways that go into deep tunnels, and fashionable hotels with marble, gold and Parthian statues are seen behind the sun-shaded portraits of the supreme ayatollahs and posters. Thoughtful Shiite theologians, who somehow came to the conference on oil and gas, high-speed panoramic elevators carry over blocks of monotonous mass building.

Iran hs been almost 40 years under sanctions. During these years, they learned and live with them, and bypass them. Attitudes toward America reflect most of all the huge posters that look like the covers of the Soviet magazine “Crocodile” of the Cold War era.

In the shadow of awesome agitation, amazing characters such as Alikhan Abdollahi live. He is a janitor and a sculptor by vocation. His studio is in the attic. The artist complains that his work is not needed by anyone. “The whole world is politicized, not only Iran,” he said.

Visual propaganda by hand is woven even in the famous Persian carpets: here the American eagle has wings spread over the skulls, and the cup of patience is full of human blood. Arab-zade personally wove this carpet by order of President Khotami.”

They wanted to give this carpet to the UN, but they refused to accept it – they were afraid to offend America,” the master recalled.

The owner of the workshop constantly complains about life. Sanctions do not directly affect him, but because of the overall economic situation, there are fewer buyers, and he has 30 weavers and 150 students. I myself have to sit down at the machine. “Unfortunately, there is no state support, it’s very difficult, but we tolerate it,” the Arab-zade admits.

The cacophony of sounds, the chirping of machines embroidering mourning banners for the Day of Shiite martyrs, the sharp smells mixed with the aroma of oriental spices, the ranks of Chinese consumer goods, Isfahan faience and shawls from Tabriz are all the world’s oldest Tehran bazaar. Here they like to say that the Tehran market at the intersection of trade routes of the front Asia appeared for 6 thousand years and before the American economic sanctions, and before the discovery of America itself.

If you want to know the latest news, go to the local bazaar. In a country closed to the whole world this is the most free place. “The dollar has risen in price, rent – also, there are no buyers at all.” The business is disgusting, “sellers complain. Someone blames the government for everything, but someone sees the conspiracy of Americans everywhere.

“America is to blame for everything.” They climbed into Iraq and destroyed it, climbed into Syria, now they want to come to us, “local residents say.

Under the pyramidal arches of the Iranian Mejlis it is noisy. Deputies are no worse than market traders scold the government, which will develop a plan for the development of the country in the face of new sanctions.

The Iranian parliament does not cease to debate whether it is necessary to give America a tough answer and to resume its nuclear projects. Or, on the contrary, not to hurry and not to leave the nuclear deal?

“We do not need an atomic bomb, we have weapons that are much more important than nuclear weapons, our faith.” She helped us to withstand the war against Iraq when his whole world was supported, “said Ramazan Ali Sobhanifar, a deputy of the Iranian parliament, Iranian-Russian group of parliamentary friendship of the Assembly of the Islamic Council of Iran.

Ballistic missiles, exhibited in the complex of the Sacred Defense, are higher than the minarets

neighboring mosques. ”

40 years ago we did not know how to make even a mortar, and now we have rockets with a range of 2 thousand kilometers.” The leader of our country said: “If there is at least one blow, you will get ten in return,” said political analyst Hossein Kanani.

Minarets of the largest temple complex of Ayatollah Khomeini seem to melt in unbearable heat.In the street – under forty, and inside in saving coolness the imams tell the Pakistani Shiites about the man who turned the entire Middle East. The founder of the world’s first Islamic Republic, the imam Khomeini is resting in a mausoleum behind silver grilles under dark green velvet, the inside of the tomb is also covered with bulletproof glass, and terrorists have several times tried to break through here and blow up this Iranian shrine, the flow of pilgrims from all over the Shiite world is not stopping .The unseen force raises the believers even from wheelchairs The pilgrims are sleeping here on soft Persian carpets. The imam of a small mosque from Shiraz came to the capital to bow to Ayatollah Khomeini, who taught Iran to fight the world evil. “All the corruption that exists in the world, all the destruction – it’s all the US It’s the main Shaitan,” he assured. The leader of the victory of the revolution, Hussein Khan Ali, is likely to meet at his workplace – in the political prison of Tehran. Now here is the museum. Hussein works as a guide, and during the time of Shah Pahlavi was a prisoner at number 85240.

In this prison, an active champion for the victory of the values ​​of the sharia got acquainted with many leaders of the Islamic revolution and even “shared the shkonka” with the future president of Rafsanjani. The swatches of the bloody regime of Shah Pahlavi are reproduced in the Museum Islamic revolution. In total, there were 90 ways to tame the human flesh. Akhmat Sheikhi has only tried on himself: both the electric chair and the needles under the fingernails. Almost 60 people died under torture, and he survived. They liberated Akhmat Sheikhi just before the victory of the revolution. The director of the Museum of the political prison, Davud Asadabadi Khomeini, also served in it for about five years. He remembers that the hardest part was in a solitary confinement. When asked whether there are political prisoners in Iran now, he answers with a smile: “Probably, there are no such countries without political prisons, but under Shah everything was much worse: people lost their lives without a trace, were tortured, the brother wrote a denunciation of his brother,” recalls Davud Asadabadi Khomeini. In 1978, rallies and strikes continued in Iran, which brutally dispersed the Shah’s guard.

Women who also took an active part in the uprising, and some went along with men in prison and torture, are now forbidden to appear in public in non-Muslim clothes. “There are no restrictions for women.” If there were restrictions, I would not be a manager and a boss. I now would have to walk in the burqa and then you would not be sitting with me, “says Sayyada Fatima Moghemi, the director of the transport company. Fatima Moghemi, the owner of a large transport company, herself once drove a truck. “We can go to many public places with men, let’s say that no one forbids women to go to the cinema, they go to families, but to the stadium where men express their emotions and sometimes pronounce bad words when there are women, they can not start up,

For 5 years now she has been driving intercity buses on the route Tehran-Isfahan. “At first, passengers were afraid to go with me, some even handed in tickets, and then all got used to and even respect the steel,” Zeynat said. On the streets of Tehran, men can not withstand nerves – in traffic jams before the fight comes. From the complex traffic we divert attention to the issues of women’s discrimination. “There is no discrimination,” local residents insist, “football matches that took place in Moscow and Kazan were shown on the screen at our stadium, and our women could come and see them.” The championships are also watched in hookahs. Not as active as in the beginning. The Iranian national team fought well, but could not leave the group. Some Iranian fans flew to Russia and watched the matches already in the stands in all their fanbase beauty for the envy of the remaining compatriots. The confrontation between Iran and the US is in full swing; ball in the penalty area of ​​Tehran. The outcome of the bout in the political arena is as unpredictable as it is on football. Only at stake is something more – peace in the Middle East.

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