The newest Russian submarine strategic missile carrier of project 995A (code “Borey-A”) “Prince Vladimir” will leave the Sevmash plant at the end of December and will be commissioned by the Northern Fleet. This was announced by the president of the United Shipbuilding Corporation Alexei Rakhmanov. Now the missile carrier is eliminating the comments identified during the completed state tests.
The Commander of the Northern Fleet, Vice Admiral Alexander Moiseev, who is well acquainted with the situation, confirms this information. He is preparing to meet “Prince Vladimir” “under the Christmas tree, that is, at the end of December this year.
This, indeed, is the latest strategic submarine, although the three Boreas are already part of the Russian Navy. Two in the Pacific Fleet – “Alexander Nevsky” and “Vladimir Monomakh”, and one in the Northern Fleet – “Yuri Dolgoruky”. But it is no coincidence that Prince Vladimir, the fourth in succession and order of surrender, was sent to state tests in 2018. The finale of which was the successful launch of the Bulava intercontinental ballistic missile.
The fact is that “Prince Vladimir” is a serious modernization of the basic project “Borey”. Namely – to a certain extent, this is a new project 995A under the code “Borey-A”.
Of course, not all innovations in the Boreya-A device are disclosed. The main characteristics are kept secret. But something opens. The disclosed differences of the new modification from the base include reduced noise, improved maneuverability and retention at depth, as well as the introduction of new weapon control systems. If the noise and maneuverability are categories that are almost und
Which ships and submarines are the target for new Russian submarines in the first place?
The submarine in motion can go into circulation mode – slow movement of the center of gravity along the arc. This causes a roll of the boat. This causes the trim to shift aft. There is a lifting force pushing the boat up. That is, it pops up. To compensate for this complex hydrodynamic phenomenon, corrective actions are used with deviations of the bow and stern rudders, changes in the speed of movement, and sometimes the filling of fast-loading tanks with water is also connected to achieve stability.
That is, these complex hydrodynamic processes can be “reassured” only with the help of masterly control of the boat. Automation comes to the rescue of manual control. But it is not so perfect as to completely eliminate the occurrence of lifting force. So, when designing Borey-A, this problem was solved as correctly as possible.
When the Borey-A project was just beginning at the Rubin Design Bureau, it became known that one of the tasks of modernizing the boat could be to increase its striking power. Because our missile carrier in this characteristic is significantly inferior to the American Ohio boat, which is armed with 24 Trident-2 missiles. Borey has 16 Bulava missiles. But there is also a loss in the missiles themselves.
The only thing that cannot be taken away from the Bulava is its increased ability to overcome the enemy’s missile defense. That is, it is “survivable” of Trident-2. But the American rocket is more powerful. It has a greater maximum range – 11,000 km versus 9,500 for the Bulava.
With castable useful weight even worse – 2800 kg versus 11 500 kg. The ability to deliver the first (or retaliatory) strike with the goal of destroying strategically important enemy targets — command posts located in bunkers or other highly protected engineering structures directly depends on this. As well as the launch mines of ground ballistic missiles.
The probability of such destruction depends both on the power of the explosion and on the accuracy of the hit of the warhead at the target. The “Bulava” has a square probable deviation from the target (CV) – 250 meters, the “Trident-2” – from 90 to 120 meters.
It has been established that in order to destroy protected targets on the territory of the enemy, it is necessary to create an excess pressure of about 30 atmospheres in the epicenter during the explosion of a warhead. And for specially protected objects – 50 atmospheres. It was also established that in order to destroy a rocket mine, it is necessary to detonate a charge with a capacity of 100 kilotons no further than at a distance of 100 meters from the target.
When using the Bulava and Trident-2 missiles, the alignment turns out to be strongly not in our favor. The probability of destruction of six munitions of 150 kt of protected mines at the “Bulava”/
True, there is some, albeit weak, consolation for Russia. The fact is that Russia is not very worried about the US Miniteman 3 mine rockets, even though there are 350 of them. Actually, the Americans almost waved a hand at them. They were developed in the 60s. And they were produced until the beginning of the 70s. They have already replaced expired solid fuel twice. Twice upgraded as possible. Their test launches are periodically conducted, the results of which are far from one hundred percent validity. Minuteman-3 missiles lack any mechanisms to overcome missile defense systems. They fly along a strict ballistic trajectory at high altitude, and therefore are perfectly visible from afar on the radar screens of the Russian missile attack warning system.
In the nuclear triad, strategic submarines play the most important role. The Pentagon invests in them the main “nuclear” funding. That’s why Trident-2 missiles are the most advanced warhead delivery vehicle in the United States. And the number of nuclear warheads in the U.S. Navy significantly exceeds their total number in the Air Force and in the U.S. Army.
But in Russia, the center of gravity of the triad is ground-based missiles. But not only the mine-based base that Trident 2 is aimed at, but also the mobile one, whose location is constantly changing.
A heavy aircraft-carrying cruiser can be launched “under the knife” and then the deck aircraft will come to an end.
The striking power of the Russian strategic submarine can be increased in two ways. Either increase the number of missiles on its board, or increase the power of missiles. And indeed, about a year and a half after the announcement of the start of the Boreya modernization, everywhere, including from high stands, it was said that the missiles should be 20.
However, it turned out that the designers chose a different path – an increase in the power of the Bulava rocket. At the Moscow Institute of Heat Engineering, such work is already underway. By increasing the size of the rocket, it is supposed to increase its range to 12 thousand kilometers. Accordingly, the thrown payload, as claimed, is doubled. Thus, in terms of energy capabilities, the Mace is equal to Trident-2. But at the same time, it will retain the advantage in terms of more reliable overcoming missile defense systems.
The fact that such work is not only being carried out, but also a new modification of the Borey-A has been adjusted for them, is evidenced by the statement on the introduction of new weapon control systems on the boat.
So it can be assumed that the five existing Borey will be joined by five Borey-A, which will eventually switch to modernized missiles – Prince Vladimir, Prince Oleg, Generalissimus Suvorov, Emperor Alexander III , Prince Pozharsky. The first boat, as was said, is ready for transfer to the fleet, the second is launched, three are under construction. There are contracts for the construction of two more missile carriers.