Russia will become the second country in the world flying on the fifth generation fighter June 30,
The first long-awaited contract for the supply of the Ministry of Defense of the fifth generation of Su-57 fighters is concluded. The first batch of serial aircraft of the Defense Ministry is expected to be received next year. Equipping the Russian military with the newest combat vehicle takes Russia to the highest world league. But is it really true?
“To date, everything is ready to conclude a contract for the supply of two Su-57 aircraft, which are completing the final stages of testing. The aviation complex, including taking into account the tests in Syria, fully confirmed the given characteristics, “said Deputy Defense Minister Alexei Krivoruchko.
According to him, the aircraft plant in Komsomolsk-on-Amur carries out state defense orders without delay, including the creation of the Su-57. “The enterprise does a great job,” Krivoruchko said, adding that the tests of the Su-57 with the second-stage engine are now continuing.
“The first batch of serial aircraft of the Defense Ministry expects to receive as early as next year, the relevant contract is being prepared for signing,” he added. Speech, apparently, is already on the supply of a batch of 12 cars in 2019, which was mentioned earlier.
The conclusion of the long-awaited contracts for the fifth generation of Russian fighters is the most important event. It is the Su-57 should replace the MiG-29 and Su-27 fighters, which now fly the military. After all, they entered service in the 1980s.
When the Su-57 goes into service with the Russian Air Force, Russia will become the second country in the world to fly a fifth generation fighter.
Su-57 is Russia’s response to the United States, which has been using the F-22 for more than a decade. The cost of an American fighter at the same time is three times more than Russian – $ 150 million against 50 million.
Many, including the Germans and the Americans themselves, believe that the Russian fighter has a greater advantage in combat than the American rivals F-22 and F-35. It surpasses competitors in maneuverability, speed and altitude of flight, in equipping with missiles and range of destruction. In addition, the Su-57 is almost invisible.
The transfer of the Su-57 to Syria carries a significant risk.
Creation of a new engine for the Su-57 breaks the unkind tradition of the Soviet era
American F-35 prepared for battle with the Russian Su-57.
Honored test pilot, Hero of Russia Magomed Tolboyev told RIA Novosti that the majority of the know-how in the Su-57 is not disclosed for security reasons. “It implements the most advanced technologies and what is shown to the general public is only a surface, the rest is known only to us – professionals, testers, military leaders of the country,” he noted.
However, he disclosed the secret of one of these know-how. According to him, no one else in the world – neither France, nor England, nor Rolls-Royce, nor Pratt & Whitney – did not achieve that the aircraft flew at cruising supersonic speeds (1600 kilometers per hour) in a non-skipper mode. While the Su-57 can develop a cruising speed “at face value”.
And yet is it not too early to be happy about concluding the first contract for two planes, and then for 12 cars? In fact, there are still many problems.
First, 12 such aircraft are clearly not enough to create a real new combat power. “Under the USSR, a” supply party “was considered one hundred or more aircraft. Now two aircraft have been called “the party of cars”. If you look at the number of MiG-15s, 17, 19, 21 produced, then each type of car was produced in thousands. The same Tu-16 was one and a half thousand. A 12 (Su-57) – this is generally (yet) about anything. At least three or four regiments equipped them, then we could rejoice, “a high-ranking source close to the leadership of the Russian Air Force told VZGLYAD.
The second question, he said, is who will fly on these fighters, if there is only one school of military pilots in the country. It clearly does not cope with the training of military pilots now. At the end of 2016, the Russian Air Force did not have 1,300 pilots, Defense Minister Sergey Shoygu said.
“Moreover, the first hundred cars will go off as installation, in it all cars are different, because the design of the aircraft is continuously being changed. For example, in the same Lipetsk, all the Su-34 differ from each other by some refinements, “says a high-ranking source.
In addition, the most important and heaviest in terms of development part – the heart of the aircraft – is not yet ready. The engine of the second stage for the Su-57 is still being tested. The first 15-minute flight of a fighter with this engine took place only in December 2017. There is still a lot of work and tests ahead.
Meanwhile, the Su-57 in the first contracts will be delivered with the engines of the first stage, and this is a big difference. It is thanks to the newest engine of the second stage of “Type-30” (or “Product-30”) that the aircraft will be able to to perform long flights at supersonic speed without afterburner. Just the absence of this engine was one of the arguments of those who refused to call the Su-57 fighter a fifth-generation car.
The use of the old-style engine became the main thing in the case of India’s refusal to sign a contract with Russia to buy the Su-57, although later in the Indian media wrote about such a decision with regret. So, it’s too early to rejoice in the first modest contract. The plane is still damp, it will take a lot of effort, money and time to bring it to mind and make it a real fighting force. But Russia is already too tight with the implementation of this project. “From the beginning of the development of this or that machine to the embodiment of it in a metal passes 10-15 or more years. And it is largely obsolete in many ways in the process of this work. And with our delays in the production of vehicles, this obsolescence is already taking on critical dimensions, “the interlocutor continues. The fifth generation fighter development program was launched 17 years ago – in 2001. Flight tests were planned for 2006-2007. However, the first test flight of the Su-57 was completed a few years later – in 2010. Supplying the aircraft to the troops wanted to start as early as 2014-2015. Then the start of serial production and serial shipments was shifted to the beginning of 2016. Now it is about 2019. Thus, the implementation of the project lags behind at least four years from the initial plan. And if you consider that the installation of the Su-57 engines of the second stage is planned only in 2023-2025, then we can talk about a delay for a whole decade.