The flow of migrants to Germany continues to decline. There are no refugee flows in the world.
Yes, the migration crisis in Germany, was caused by the extremely high influx of refugees in 2015-2016, now Germany has overcome it.
Thus, answering a question from a correspondent of DW, German Interior Minister Thomas de Maiziere commented on data provided by the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF) on Tuesday, January 16, 2017. Last year, 186,644 refugees arrived in Germany. In 2016, there were 280,000 of them, in 2015 – 890,000.
Number of refugees in the Federal Republic of Germany in 2017.
186 000 – this is about as much as Germany took in 1990, much less than in 1992, 1993 and 1994 and not much more than in the late 90’s and early zero. And even in 2014, when there was no talk of a migration crisis, more than 200,000 applications for asylum were considered in Germany.
Thomas de Mezier at a press conference in Berlin on January 16.
Nevertheless, the German Minister of the Interior considers it premature to retire. He is worried not so much by absolute numbers as by the fact that criminal organizations, which, according to him, in fact, decide who deserves to become a refugee in the EU and who do not, are arranging the influx of refugees into the European Union countries.
“Such a method of selection is unacceptable,” De Mezier said at a press conference in Berlin.
“Our goal are to bring to Europe those who really need protection, and not people who are counting on a more prosperous economic future in Europe.” Without the participation of smugglers, he believes, the number of refugees who do not have grounds for obtaining asylum in the EU countries, and in particular in Germany, would be much less.
Refugees from different countries do not always have equal chances of gaining asylum in Germany. Above all, these chances come from people from Syria, Iraq, Afghanistan, Eritrea, Somalia. The North Africans, citizens of the Balkan countries, Chechens, they are minimal. Receiving from BAMF a refusal have an opportunity to appeal against it in court.
Federal Office for Migration and Refugees in Nuremberg.
On the eve of a press conference in Berlin, where data were submitted for 2017, reports appeared in the German press that almost half (44 percent) of the claims filed by “refuseniks” were considered in their favor. The implication is this: officials say that they unjustifiably meticulously treat asylum seekers and refuse them, often violating the current legislation.
Therefore, the head of BAMF Jutta Cordt (Jutta Cordt) felt it necessary to clarify. The point is that before the stage of the trial, not all the statements of the “refuseniks” reach. About half of all claims either withdraw from the courts, or those who submitted them stop their attempts to remain at all costs in Germany, or leave for other countries, or go home – using the German state program of financial assistance to returnees.
Therefore, BAMF conducts another method of counting, which takes into account claims for which decisions were made in favor of the applicants, in favor of the agency itself, as well as cases where claims were not considered at all during the court session, and cases on them were closed at a preliminary stage. According to such statistics it turns out that the courts in favor of “refuseniks” were handed down only in 23% of cases, and in 32% – in favor of BAMF. The remaining claims (45 percent) were not considered at all.
Despite a significant reduction in the influx of refugees to Germany, her Minister of the Interior continues to advocate additional measures to limit and manage migration flows. Thomas de Mezier welcomes the agreements reached in this regard during the preliminary consultations of the Conservatives and Social Democrats planning to form a new coalition government.
Will the refugees prevent the formation of a new government of the FRG?
In hostels for refugees in Germany about 100 thousand seats are not occupied.
In 2017, 187,000 people sought asylum in Germany.
One of the planned measures is the creation of special centers for the reception of refugees, in which they would wait for consideration of their applications. Those who have practically no chances to get asylum in Germany should not, according to the minister, be distributed to dormitories in different parts of the country, the readmission procedure should be started directly from such centers.
Thomas de Mezier is ambivalent about the problem of reuniting refugee families who have only a subsidiary protection degree in Germany. On the one hand, he says, this practice contributes to the integration of migrants – especially young men, to whom their wives and children move to Germany.
On the other hand, it creates an additional incentive to seek refuge in Europe for family members who generally do not need protection. Be that as it may, conservatives and social democrats have agreed to further limit the possibility of reunifying the families of subsidized refugees.
Speaking about overcoming the migration crisis in Germany itself, Thomas de Mezier also stressed that on a global scale this problem, in his estimation, will remain extremely acute for a long time. The motives of refugees are different: climate change, wars, repression, persecution, hopes for a better future …
“So, migration and refugee flows will be one of the central challenges of the world community for the coming decades, and Europe’s response to this challenge can only be a joint one,” the German Interior Minister summed up.