War in Syria

The war flares up in Syria, acquiring a global scale, because many countries of the world are already involved in it and their circle is expanding. It has began with massive anti-government unrest in various cities of Syria, directed against the country’s president Bashar Assad and to end the long-term rule of the Baath Party. The unrest turned into an open armed confrontation in june-july 2011:an armed conflict between the troops of the Assad government and loyal militant formations on the one hand, and armed rebel groups (mainly consisting of Islamists) on the other. As the third party of the conflict, the Kurds act as the de facto autonomous region in the north-east and north-west of the country with its own government. Foreign volunteers from more than 70 countries of the world participate in the fighting on the side of the opposition; on the side of the government – fighters of the Lebanese organization Hezbollah and Iraqi Shiite paramilitary groups.
At the end of 2012, the UN report described the war as an “openly religious conflict” between the Alawite militia and its Shiite allies, fighting mainly against predominantly Sunni insurgent groups. This opinion is disputed by both sides of the conflict.
Anti-government militants were logistically supported by Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Turkey, the United States and some other states; the government of Syria – by Iran, Russia, North Korea and Venezuela.
In June 3, 2014 in the territories under the control of the government forces, presidential elections were held, following which the incumbent President Bashar Assad won. The results of the elections were not recognized by the opposition, and they also received limited recognition from the international community.
The conflict in Syria has led to a serious destabilization of the situation in neighboring states: Iraq and Lebanon. Some armed groups participate in parallel in military operations in Syria and Iraq.
The war in Syria overlapped the military operation against the Islamic state – the interference of a number of states in the conflicts taking place on the territory of Iraq, Syria and Libya, in order to prevent the spread of the terrorist organization “Islamic State”. Under this sign to the war in Syria, Russia joined in. Why does Russia fight in Syria? The Russian-American historian Yuri Felshtinsky and political scientist, publicist and scholar Andrei Piontkovsky prove that on the one hand – to divert the attention of Russians from defeat in Ukraine, and on the other – it is important for Putin to prove to Europe and the United States that Russia has the right to use its troops far beyond their limits, if required (in the opinion of the Russian leadership) the interests of the state.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *